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1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 Increases the Transplantation Success of Human Muscle Precursor Cells in SCID Mice

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Human muscle precursor cell (hMPC) transplantation is a potential therapy for severe muscle trauma or myopathies. Some previous studies demonstrated that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-D3 (1,25-D3) acted directly on myoblasts, regulating their proliferation and fusion. 1,25-D3 is also involved in apoptosis modulation of other cell types and may thus contribute to protect the transplanted hMPCs. We have therefore investigated whether 1,25-D3 could improve the hMPC graft success. The 1,25-D3 effects on hMPC proliferation, fusion, and survival were initially monitored in vitro. hMPCs were also grafted in the tibialis anterior of SCID mice treated or not with 1,25-D3 to determine its in vivo effect. Graft success, proliferation, and viability of transplanted hMPCs were evaluated. 1,25-D3 enhanced proliferation and fusion of hMPCs in vitro and in vivo. However, 1,25-D3 did not protect hMPCs from various proapoptotic factors (in vitro) or during the early posttransplantation period. 1,25-D3 enhanced hMPC graft success because the number of muscle fibers expressing human dystrophin was significantly increased in the TA sections of 1,25-D3-treated mice (166.75 ± 20.64) compared to the control mice (97.5 ± 16.58). This result could be partly attributed to the improvement of the proliferation and differentiation of hMPCs in the presence of 1,25-D3. Thus, 1,25-D3 administration could improve the clinical potential of hMPC transplantation currently developed for muscle trauma or myopathies.
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Keywords: 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3; Graft success; Human muscle precursor cell; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Unité de Génétique Humaine, Centre de Recherche du CHUL, Université Laval, Québec, Canada

Publication date: 2007-04-01

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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