Intracerebral Transplantation of Genetically Engineered Cells for Parkinson's Disease: Toward Clinical Application

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Abstract:

Over the last decade, molecular biology has progressively developed, leading to new technology with subsequent clinical application for various cerebral diseases including Parkinson's disease (PD), one of the most investigated neurodegenerative disorders. The therapy for PD is mainly composed of medication, including drug replacement therapy, surgical treatment, and cell transplantation. Cell therapy for PD has been explored by using fetal nigral cells as an allo- or xenograft, autologous sympathetic ganglion, adrenal medulla, and carotid body in clinical settings. In addition, neurotrophic factors, including glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), have a strong potency to rescue degenerating dopaminergic cells. Protein and/or gene therapy also might be a therapeutic option for PD. In this review, genetically engineered cell transplantation for animal models of PD, including catecholamine/neurotrophic factor-secreting cell transplantation with or without encapsulation, as performed in our laboratories, and their potential future as clinical applications are described with recent clinical studies in this field.

Keywords: Encapsulation; GDNF; Parkinson's disease; Stem cell; Tet-Off; VEGF

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000007783464632

Affiliations: 1: Department of Neurological Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan, Department of Neurology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912, USA 2: Department of Neurological Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan

Publication date: February 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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