Transplantation of Bioreactor-Produced Neural Stem Cells Into the Rodent Brain
The development of new cell replacement strategies using neural stem cells (NSC) may provide an alternative and unlimited cell source for clinical neural transplantation in neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Huntington's disease. The clinical application of neural transplantation using NSC will therefore depend upon the availability of clinical grade NSC that are generated in unlimited quantities in a standardized manner. In order to investigate the utility of NSC in clinical neural transplantation, undifferentiated murine NSC were first expanded for an extended period of time in suspension bioreactors containing a serum-free medium. Following expansion in suspension bioreactors, NSC were still able to differentiate in vitro into both astrocytes and neurons after exposure to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), suggesting that bioreactor expansion does not alter cell lineage potentiality. Undifferentiated bioreactor-expanded NSC were then transplanted into the rodent striatum. Immunohistochemical examination revealed undifferentiated bioreactor-expanded NSC survived transplantation for up to 8 weeks and expressed the astrocytic immunohistochemical marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), suggesting that the host striatal environment influences NSC cell fate upon transplantation. Moreover, no tumor formation was observed within the graft site, indicating that NSC expanded in suspension bioreactors for an extended period of time are a safe source of tissue for transplantation. Future studies should focus on predifferentiating NSC towards specific neuronal phenotypes prior to transplantation in order to restore behavioral function in rodent models of neurodegenerative disease.
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Glial fibrillary acidic protein;
Neural stem cells;
Document Type: Research Article
Cell Restoration Laboratory, Brain Repair Centre, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF), Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Publication date: 2006-08-01
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Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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