Amelioration of Diabetes in Mice After Single-Donor Islet Transplantation Using the Controlled Release of Gelatinized FGF-2

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Abstract:

Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 has been recognized to be a key element involved in angiogenesis and a putative factor involved in stem cell-mediated islet regeneration. However, the usefulness of FGF-2 in an islet transplantation setting has not yet been explored. We therefore evaluated the effect of FGF-2 on both islet culture and islet transplantation. Isolated islets were cultured in the presence of 100 ng/ml FGF-2 for a week and then the glucose-responding insulin secretion and insulin contents were measured. Gelatinized FGF-2 (100 ng), which allowed the controlled release of FGF-2, was used for islet transplantation of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Islets (150 IEQ), obtained from a single donor, mixed with gelatinized FGF-2, were transplanted into the subrenal capsule of the mice and the animals were observed for 30 days. Revascularization around the islet grafts was examined. The blood glucose levels were measured and the intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) was performed. The supplementation of FGF-2 maintained proper insulin secretion and insulin contents in an in vitro culture. The use of gelatinized FGF-2 facilitated revascularization and favorable islet engraftment, thus resulting in an amelioration of the blood glucose levels in diabetic mice. The utilization of FGF-2 showed increased contents of insulin in the islet grafts and revealed a similar pattern as that of normal healthy mice in IPGTT. In contrast, the transplantation of islets without FGF-2 supplementation showed poor revascularization and failed to control the blood glucose levels in the diabetic mice.

Keywords: Angiogenesis; Diabetes; FGF-2; Islet transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000006783981323

Affiliations: 1: Department of Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Okayama 700-8558, Japan 2: Department of Transplant Surgery, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan 3: Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan 4: Department Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Okayama 700-8558, Japan 5: Department of Advanced Medicine in Biotechnology and Robotics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan 6: Second Department of Surgery, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Aichi 470-11, Japan

Publication date: October 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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