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Induction of Pancreatic Stem/Progenitor Cells Into Insulin-Producing Cells by Adenoviral-Mediated Gene Transfer Technology

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-Cell replacement therapy via islet transplantation is a promising possibility for the optimal treatment of type 1 diabetes; however, such an approach is severely limited by the shortage of donor organs. This problem could be overcome if it were possible to generate transplantable islets from stem cells. We showed previously that adult -cells might originate from duct or duct-associated cells. Ductal progenitor cells in the pancreas would become particularly useful for therapies that target -cell replacement in diabetic patients, because duct cell types are abundantly available in the pancreas of these patients and in donor organs. In this study, we examined which embryonic transcription factors in adult mouse and human duct cells could efficiently induce their differentiation into insulin-expressing cells. Infection with the adenovirus expressing PDX-1, Ngn3, NeuroD, or Pax4 induced the insulin gene expression. NeuroD was the most effective inducer of insulin expression in primary duct cells. Surprisingly, adenovirus Pax4 strongly induced Ngn3 expression, while Pax4 is considered the downstream target of Ngn3. These data suggest that the overexpression of transcription factors, especially NeuroD, facilitates pancreatic stem/progenitor cell differentiation into insulin-producing cells.
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Keywords: BETA2/NeuroD; Ngn3; PDX-1; Pancreatic duct cells; Pax4

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Section on Islet Transplantation and Cell Biology, Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA 2: Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan 3: Department of Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Okayama 700-8558, Japan 4: Department of Advanced Medicine in Biotechnology and Robotics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan

Publication date: 2006-10-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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