Maintenance of Neovascularization at the Implantation Site of an Artificial Device by bFGF and Endothelial Cell Transplant
Abstract:Development of a subcutaneously implantable bioartificial pancreas (BAP) with immunoisolatory function could have a great impact on the treatment of diabetes mellitus. We have developed an implantable BAP device with an ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVAL) membrane. In the present study, we used basic fibroblast growth factors (bFGF), which was incorporated in a carrier for sustained release, in order to induce neovascularization when the device was implanted subcutaneously. To maintain the vasculature thus formed, a cell infusion port was attached to the BAP device, through which the device was filled with human liver vascular endothelial cell line TMNK-1, and the vasculature could be adequately maintained. Mice were divided into the following three groups. In group 1, a bFGF-free BAP device was implanted subcutaneously. In group 2, a sustained-release bFGF-impregnated BAP device was implanted. In group 3, a sustained-release bFGF-impregnated BAP device was implanted, and 3 × 106 TMNK-1 cells were infused into the implanted device every week. Neovascularization induced in the subcutaneous tissue around the implanted BAP device was macroscopically examined and histologically evaluated. In addition, the tissue blood flow was measured using a laser blood flow meter. In mice in group 3, neovascularization was significantly induced and maintained until week 8 postimplantation. It was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy that infused TMNK-1 cells adhered to the inner polyethylene surface of the device. It was demonstrated that the use of bFGF and vascular endothelial TMNK-1 cells induced and maintained adequate vasculature and tissue blood flow surrounding the implantable bag-type BAP device. We believe that the present study will contribute to BAP development for the treatment of diabetes.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Okayama 700-8558, Japan 2: Department of Organ Reconstruction and Biomaterials, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan 3: Department of Transplant Surgery, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan 4: Department of Advanced Medicine in Biotechnology and Robotics, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan 5: Second Department of Surgery, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Aichi 470-11, Japan
Publication date: 2006-10-01
- Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.