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Endothelial Cell Preservation at 10°C Minimizes Catalytic Iron, Oxidative Stress, and Cold-Induced Injury

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There is growing evidence that oxidative stress plays an important role in mediating the injury induced by hypothermia during the preservation of cells and tissues for clinical or research use. In cardiovascular allografts, endothelial cell loss or injury may lead to impaired control of vascular permeability and tone, thrombosis, and inflammation. We hypothesized that hypothermia-induced damage to the endothelium is linked to increases in intracellular catalytic iron pools and oxidative stress. In this study, bovine aortic endothelial cells and cell culture methods were used to model the response of the endothelium of cardiovascular tissues to hypothermia. Confluent cells were stored at 0°C to 25°C and cell damage was measured by lipid peroxidation (LPO) and lactate dehydrogenase release. Varying the bleomycin-detectible iron (BDI) in cells modulated cold-induced LPO and cell injury. In untreated cells, injury was highest at 0°C and a minimum at 10°C. A similar temperature-dependent trend was found in BDI levels and cell plating efficiencies. Arrhenius plots of cell killing and iron accumulation rates showed biphasic temperature dependence, with minima at 10°C and matching activation energies above and below 10°C. These findings imply that the mechanisms underlying the hypothermic increase in catalytic iron, oxidative stress, and cell killing are the same and that preservation of the endothelium may be optimized at temperatures above those routinely used.

Keywords: Endothelial cells; Hypothermia; Iron; Oxidative stress

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Methodist Research Institute, Clarian Health Partners, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA 2: Methodist Research Institute, Clarian Health Partners, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA

Publication date: 2006-06-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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