Myoblast Therapy: From Bench to Bedside

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Abstract:

Myoblasts are defined as stem cells containing skeletal muscle cell precursors. A decade of experimental work has revealed many properties of myoblasts, including the stability of resulting hybrid myofibers without immune suppression, the persistence of transgene expression, and the lack of tumorigenicity. Early phase clinical trials also showed that myoblast-based therapy is a promising approach for many intractable clinical conditions, including both muscle-related and non-muscle-related diseases. The potential application of myoblast therapy may be in the treatment of genetic muscle diseases, cardiomyocyte damaged heart diseases, and urinary incontinence. This review will provide an overview of myoblast biology, along with discussion of the potential application in clinical medicine. In addition, problems in current myoblast therapy and possible future improvements will be addressed.

Keywords: Duchenne muscular dystrophy; Gene therapy; Incontinence; Myoblast therapy; Myocardiopathy

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000006783981710

Affiliations: 1: Heart Center, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200120, China 2: Research Center, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200120, China

Publication date: June 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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