High Yields of Autologous Living Dermal Equivalents Using Porcine Gelatin Microbeads as Microcarriers for Autologous Fibroblasts
Abstract:Permanent skin replacement requires a dermal component to ensure adequate long-term graft stability and to prevent wound contraction. This study was to construct a bioreactor microcarrier cell culture system (Bio-MCCS) to produce autologous living dermal equivalents on a large scale. Autologous fibroblasts were isolated from split-thickness skin biopsy from a leg ulcer patient, inoculated onto macroporous porcine gelatin microbeads, and incubated in a bioreactor (Cellspin) in serum-free fibroblast growth medium or in DMEM medium containing 10% fetal calf serum (FCS). Fibroblasts rapidly adhered to and actively proliferated on the microbeads in the bioreactor in both serum-free and serum-containing medium. MTT assay showed the number of fibroblasts on the microbeads reached up to 5.3- or 4.0-fold the cells seeded in DMEM medium containing 10% FCS or serum-free medium, respectively. When removed from Bio-MCCS and cultured under static conditions, fibroblasts were able to leave the microbeads and proliferate to confluence on the bottom of tissue culture flasks. When stored at room temperature in DMEM containing 10% FBS, fibroblast cultured on the microbeads retained highest viabilities for at least 3 weeks, up to 82% of originals. This Bio-MCCS using porcine gelatin microbeads as carriers for fibroblasts offers a new option of mass production of autologous living dermal equivalents.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Publication date: 2006-05-01
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