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A Novel Bioreactor Microcarrier Cell Culture System for High Yields of Proliferating Autologous Human Keratinocytes

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Abstract:

Rapid and efficient resurfacing of various skin defects by autologous keratinocyte transplantation is significant in skin wound healing. We developed a novel bioreactor microcarrier cell culture system (Bio-MCCS) to produce autologous human keratinocytes on a large scale. In this Bio-MCCS we used porcine gelatin microbeads as microcarriers for autolgous keratinocytes and spinning bottles as fermentation tanks. First, the microbeads were modified by culturing them with autologous dermal fibroblasts that were subsequently killed when they proliferated to confluence on the microbeads. We then performed the Bio-MCCS by expanding ketatinocytes on the microbeads in spinning bottles at 37°C, 5% CO2. Our results showed that keratinocytes rapidly attached to and actively proliferated on the modified microbeads in the Bio-MCCS, achieving high cell densities on the modified microbeads (MTT assay and PI staining). Keratinocytes cultured on the modified microbeads in the Bio-MCCS remained proliferating potentials as shown by positive PCNA staining and BrdU labeling. In contrast, keratinocytes cultured on nonmodified microbeads in the Bio-MCCS proliferated slowly, rapidly ceased to proliferate, and finally dislodged from the microbeads. When removed from the Bio-MCCS and cultured under static conditions, keratinocytes were able to leave the modified microbeads and formed a multilayered epidermal equivalent on the culture surfaces. While stored at room temperature, keratinocytes remained at higher viabilities on the modified microbeads when compared to those on nonmodified microbeads. The achievement of high yields of proliferating autologous keratinocytes by this Bio-MCCS offers a practical potential of resurfacing various skin defects by direct administration of autologous keratinocyte microbeads on various skin defects.

Keywords: Cell transplantation; Keratinocyte; Microcarrier; Wound healing

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000006783981828

Affiliations: Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Publication date: May 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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