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Short-Term Heart Retention and Distribution of Intramyocardial Delivered Mesenchymal Cells Within Necrotic or Intact Myocardium

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Cell therapy with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) is a new strategy for treating ischemic heart failure, but data concerning the distribution and retention of transplanted cells remain poor. We investigated the short-term myocardial retention of BMSCs when these cells are directly injected within necrotic or intact myocardium. 111Indium-oxine-labeled autologous BMSCs were injected within either 1-month-old infarction (n = 6) or normal myocardium (n = 6) from rats. Serial in vivo pinhole scintigraphy was scheduled during 1 week in order to track the implanted cells. The myocardial retention of BMSCs was definitely higher in myocardial infarction than in normal myocardial area (estimated percent retention at 2 h: 63 ± 3% vs. 25 ± 4%, p < 0.001) and the estimated cardiac retention values were unchanged in both groups along the 7 days of follow-up. On heart sections at day 7, labeled BMSCs were still around the injection site and appeared confined to the scarred tissue corresponding either to the infarct area or to the myocardium damaged by needle insertion. BMSCs have a higher retention when they are injected in necrotic than in normal myocardial areas and these cells appear to stay around the injection site for at least a 7-day period.
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Keywords: Cell transplantation; Imaging; Mesenchymal cells; Myocardial infarction; Radioisotopes

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Surgery School, Faculty of Medicine-Nancy, Avenue de la forêt de Haye, BP184, 54505 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy Cedex, France 2: Department of Nuclear Medicine, INSERM U684, CHU-Nancy, Rue du Morvan, 54500 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France 3: Laboratory of Pathology, CHU-Nancy, Rue du Morvan, 54500 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France

Publication date: 2006-04-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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