Effective Islet Isolation Method With Extremely High Islet Yields From Adult Pigs
Abstract:Achieving good islet isolation is one of the most important factors for successful islet transplantation. Porcine pancreas is suitable for islet isolation research due to its anatomical and physiological similarities to human pancreas. In this study, we evaluated a new porcine islet isolation method designed to maximize islet yield and compared it with our previous open pan method and the standard method using a Ricordi chamber (Ricordi method). We performed 15 porcine islet isolations, five each with the new method, the open pan method, and the Ricordi method. The new method features several important improvements. Pancreata remain uncut and are kept intact during collagenase intraductal injection, a large filtration chamber to handle whole pancreata, low concentration of collagenase (LiberaseTM HI) for digestion, and large plastic containers for large-scale islet purification. All isolated islets were assessed for yield, purity, viability and in vitro function. Islets isolated with this new method were transplanted under the kidney capsules of SCID mice with chemically induced diabetes for in vivo functional assessment (n = 8). With the new method, we obtained on average more than 1,000,000 islet equivalents (IE) (1,236,266 ± 213,486 IE) (mean ± SE) before purification and 800,000 IE (879,815 ± 222,729 IE) after purification from one adult pig. Islet yield per pancreas was significantly higher compared with our previous open pan method (30,666 ± 11,532 IE, p < 0.01) and the Ricordi method (317,073 ± 86,093 IE, p < 0.05). All mice, transplanted with 1000 islets from the new method, returned to normoglycemia within 4 days after transplantation. Our new method makes it possible to obtain extremely high porcine islet yield with good function. It should produce useful information for human islet isolation and transplantation, and might be applied to single donor clinical xenogeneic transplantation.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Transplantation and Immunology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawara-cho Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507 Japan 2: Kyoto University Hospital, Transplantation Unit, 54 Kawara-cho Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507 Japan 3: Johnson & Johnson, 199 Grandview Road, Skillman, NJ 08558, USA 4: Department of Transplantation and Immunology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawara-cho Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507 Japan, Kyoto University Hospital, Transplantation Unit, 54 Kawara-cho Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507 Japan
Publication date: October 1, 2005
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