Promotion of Neurite Outgrowth From Fetal Hippocampal Cells by TNF-α Receptor 1-Derived Peptide
Cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), FasL, and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induce apoptosis or inflammation through binding to their specific receptors, TNFR1, Fas, and DR5, respectively. We have previously reported ligand-binding and cell death-inhibiting synthetic peptides, which were designed based on the crystal structure of a ligand–receptor complex and the homology of the amino acid sequence among the death receptor family members. Here we show that, among these death receptor-derived peptides, the TNFR1-derived peptide specifically arrested cell proliferation and promoted cell adhesion of fetal rat (E16) hippocampal cells, and promoted neurite outgrowth from hippocampus-derived neurospheres cultured with the addition of the peptide or cultured on a peptide-coated surface. Furthermore, among these death receptor-derived peptides, marked neurite outgrowth was observed only when the neurospheres were cultured on a TNFR1-derived peptide-conjugated covalently cross-linked alginate gel. The neurites from the neurospheres positively immunostained with an antibody against neurofilaments. These results suggest that the TNFR1-derived peptide promotes neuronal differentiation of the hippocampal neural stem cells and the TNFR1-derived peptide-conjugated covalently cross-linked alginate gel may be a useful material for assisting neural stem cell transplantation.
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Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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