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Use of appropriate types of cells could potentially improve the functionality and structure of tissue engineered constructs, but little is known about the optimal cell source for ligament tissue engineering. The object of this study was to determine the optimal cell source for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tissue engineering. Fibroblasts isolated from anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament (MCL), as well as bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) were compared using the following parameters: proliferation rate, collagen excretion, expression of collagen type I, II, and III, as well as α-smooth muscle actin. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) transfected MSCs were used to trace their fate in the knee joints. MSC, ACL, and MCL fibroblasts were all highly stained with antibodies for collagen types I and III and α-smooth muscle actin while negatively stained with collagen type II. Proliferation rate and collagen excretion of MSCs were higher than ACL and MCL fibroblasts (p < 0.05), and MSCs could survive for at least 6 weeks in knee joints. In summary, MSC is potentially a better cell source than ACL and MCL fibroblasts for anterior cruciate ligament tissue engineering.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 119260 2:
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 119260 †Division of Bioengineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 119260,
Publication date: August 1, 2005
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Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.