Effect of Oxygenated Perfluorocarbons on Isolated Rat Pancreatic Islets in Culture
Abstract:One impediment for a wider application of islet transplantation is the limited number of donor pancreata for islet isolation. A more efficient utilization of available organs could in part alleviate this problem. Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) have a high oxygen solubility coefficient and maintain high oxygen partial pressures for extended time. They serve also as oxygen “reservoirs” for harvested organs in pancreas organ transplantation. The aim of this study was to test whether the use of PFCs could also be beneficial for the secretory activity and overall viability of cultured purified islets before transplantation. Purified rat islets were cultured in static conditions with or without oxygen-saturated PFCs for 1 or 7 days. Cell death and apoptosis were assessed by trypan blue staining, DNA strand breaks, and caspase 3/7 activity. mRNA levels of insulin and ICA512/IA-2, a membrane marker of secretory granules (SGs), were quantitated by real-time PCR, whereas insulin content and secretion were measured by RIA. Polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB), which promotes SG biogenesis, was assessed by Western blotting. The number of SGs and the ultrastructural appearance of -cells were analyzed by cryoimmunoelectronmicroscopy for insulin. Various parameters, including caspase activity, insulin and ICA512/IA-2 mRNA levels, PTB expression, number of secretory granules, and ultrastructural appearance did not significantly differ between control and PFC-cultured islets. On the other hand, PFC culture islets showed significantly increased DNA fragmentation and a reduced insulin stimulation index at both time points compared to control islets. While advantageous for the transport of human harvested organs, the use of PFH in the culture may be comparable to and/or not provide advantage over conventional protocols for culture of islets for transplantation.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Experimental Diabetology, School of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany, †Department of Visceral, Thoracic, and Vascular Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany 2: Department of Experimental Diabetology, School of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany 3: Department of Experimental Diabetology, School of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany, Department of Visceral, Thoracic, and Vascular Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany 4: Department of Visceral, Thoracic, and Vascular Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Technology Dresden, Germany
Publication date: 2005-07-01
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