Delivery of TAT/PTD-Fused Proteins/Peptides to Islets via Pancreatic Duct

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Abstract:

Delivering cytoprotective proteins/peptides into pancreata prior to islet isolation through protein transduction (PT) is a novel strategy to enhance the yield of viable transplantable islets. Previous work has shown that the protein transduction domain PTD-5 efficiently transduced islets via the pancreatic duct. TAT/PTD is a well-characterized PTD with the capability to cross even the hemato–encephalic barrier. In this study, we investigated the utilization of the 11-aa TAT protein transduction domain (TAT/PTD) to deliver peptides or proteins of different sizes ranging from 1.2 to 120 kDa, as the TAT/PTD and TAT/PTD-BH4 peptide, or the TAT/PTD–-galactosidase fusion protein, into islets through the pancreatic duct. Using flow cytometry analysis we found that TAT/PTD derivatives transduced practically 100% of the islet cell population. Moreover, confocal laser scanning microscopy in live, nonfixed islets confirmed these results assessing transduction of TAT/PTD molecules into intact nondisaggregated islets. TAT–-galactosidase peptide conjugated to FITC was not compartment selective, as both cytoplasmic and nucleic cellular compartments were positively stained. Furthermore, TAT–-galactosidase peptide delivery was highly effective, as even cells located in the inner core region of the islets were transduced. Finally, transduced TAT–-galactosidase fusion protein was biologically active after islet isolation and manipulation, and islet insulin secretion capability was not compromised by peptide transduction. These findings suggest that the transduction of chimeric TAT/PTD proteins can represent an efficient tool of molecular delivery independent of the size, to enhance or modify a specific phenotype at the nuclei or cytoplasmic level.

Keywords: Islet; Pancreatic duct; Protein transduction; Transplantation

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000005783983016

Affiliations: Diabetes Research Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL

Publication date: May 1, 2005

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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