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Transplantation of Fetal Kidney Cells: Neuroprotection and Neuroregeneration

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Various trophic factors in the transforming growth factor- (TGF-) superfamily have been reported to have neuroprotective and neuroregenerative effects. Intracerebral administration of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) or bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), both members of the TGF- family, reduce ischemia- or 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced injury in adult rat brain. Because BMPs and GDNF are highly expressed in fetal kidney cells, transplantation of fetal kidney tissue could serve as a cellular reservoir for such molecules and protect against neuronal injury induced by ischemia, neurotoxins, or reactive oxygen species. In this review, we discuss preclinical evidence for the efficacy of fetal kidney cell transplantation in neuroprotection and regeneration models.

Keywords: Fetal kidney; Parkinson's disease; Stroke

Document Type: Review Article


Affiliations: 1: Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taiwan 2: Department of Neurology, Medical College of Georgia and Augusta VA Medical Center, Augusta, GA 3: Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, and Stark Neuroscience Research Institute, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 4: National Institute on Drug Abuse, Intramural Research Program, NIH, Baltimore, MD

Publication date: January 1, 2005

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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