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G-CSF Promotes Bone Marrow Cells to Migrate Into Infarcted Mice Heart, and Differentiate Into Cardiomyocytes

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A recent study showed that granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment improved the infarcted cardiac function. Although mobilized stem cells may affect it, the mechanism is unclear. In this study, we investigated the origins of stem cells and phenotypic changes of the migrated cells, and evaluated the efficacy of G-CSF. Eighteen C57BL/6 mice were irradiated (900 cGy) and GFP mouse-derived bone marrow cells (GFP-BMC: 106 cells) were injected via a tail vein followed by splenectomy 4 weeks later. Ligation of the left descending coronary artery was performed 2 weeks later. Recombinant human G-CSF (200 μg/kg/day) was injected for 3 days before and 5 days after ligation (group 1, n = 10). Saline was injected in group 2 (n = 8). Four weeks after infarction, hearts and other organs were fixed for histology. The survival rate after postoperative day 3 in group 1 was 100%, while that in group 2 was 50% (p = 0.03). Bone marrow-derived GFP cells (BMD-GFP) in group 1 (103.3 ± 71.9/mm2) were located at the infarcted border area significantly more than those in group 2 (43.6 ± 23.7/mm2) (p < 0.0001). BMD-GFP cells were positive for troponin I (16.6%), myosin heavy chain-slow (16.7%), and nestin (8.8%) in group 1. Ki-67-positive BMD-GFP in group 1 (10.0 ± 7.0/mm2) were significantly more than those in group 2 (4.8 ± 6.1/mm2) (p = 0.01). G-CSF increased the survival rate after infarction. G-CSF promoted BMC to migrate into the infarcted border area. Bone marrow was one of the origins of regenerated cardiomyocytes.

Keywords: Bone marrow; Cardiomyocytes; G-CSF; Key words; Regeneration; Stem cells

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: *Department of Regenerative Medicine & Tissue Engineering, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan 2: §Department of Organ Transplantation, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan 3: †Department of Pathology, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan 4: ‡Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2004

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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