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Human Umbilical Cord Blood Mononuclear Cells for the Treatment of Acute Myocardial Infarction

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Abstract:

Cell transplantation is a new treatment to improve cardiac function in hearts that have been damaged by myocardial infarction. We have investigated the use of human umbilical cord blood mononuclear progenitor cells (HUCBC) for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. The control group consisted of 24 normal rats with no interventions. The infarct + vehicle group consisted of 33 rats that underwent left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation and after 1 h were given Isolyte in the border of the infarction. The infarct + HUCBC group consisted of 38 rats that underwent LAD ligation and after 1 h were given 106 HUCBC in Isolyte directly into the infarct border. Immunosuppression was not given to any rat. Measurements of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, LV pressure, dP/dt, and infarct size were determined at baseline and 1, 2, 3, and 4 months. The ejection fraction in the controls decreased from 88 ± 3% to 78 ± 4% at 4 months (p = 0.03) as a result of normal aging. Following infarction in the infarct + vehicle group, the ejection fraction decreased from 87 ± 4% to 51 ± 3% between 1 and 4 months (p < 0.01). In contrast, the ejection fraction of the infarcted + HUCBC-treated rat hearts decreased from 87 ± 4% to 63 ± 3% at 1 month, but progressively increased to 69 ± 6% at 3 and 4 months, which was different from infarct + vehicle group rats (p < 0.02) but similar to the controls. At 4 months, anteroseptal wall thickening in infarct + HUCBC group was 57.9 ± 11.6%, which was nearly identical to the control anteroseptal thickening of 59.2 ± 8.9%, but was significantly greater than the infarct + vehicle group, which was 27.8 ± 7% (p < 0.02). dP/dtmax increased by 130% in controls with 5.0 μg of phenylephrine (PE)/min (p < 0.001). In the infarct + vehicle group, dP/dtmax increased by 91% with PE (p = 0.01). In contrast, in the infarct + HUCBC group, dP/dtmax increased with PE by 182% (p < 0.001), which was significantly greater than the increase in dP/dtmax in the infarct + vehicle group (p = 0.03) and similar to the increase in the controls. Infarct sizes in the infarct + HUCBC group were smaller than the infarct + vehicle group and averaged 3.0 ± 2.8% for the infarct + HUCBC group versus 22.1 ± 5.6% for infarct + vehicle group at 3 months (p < 0.01); at 4 months they averaged 9.2 ± 2.0% for infarct + HUCBC group versus 40.0 ± 9.2% for the infarct + vehicle group (p < 0.001). The present experiments demonstrate that HUCBC substantially reduce infarction size in rats without requirements for immunosuppression. As a consequence, LV function measurements, determined by LV ejection fraction, wall thickening, and dP/dt, are significantly greater than the same measurements in rats with untreated infarctions.

Keywords: Acute myocardial infarction; Ejection fraction; Infarct size; Left ventricular (LV) function; Stem cells; Umbilical cord blood cells; dP/dt

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000004783983477

Affiliations: 1: Department of *Medicine, University of South Florida College of Medicine, and the James A. Haley Veterans’ Hospital, Tampa, FL 2: †Department of Pathology, University of South Florida College of Medicine, and the James A. Haley Veterans’ Hospital, Tampa, FL 3: ‡Department of Neurosurgery and the Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair, University of South Florida College of Medicine, and the James A. Haley Veterans’ Hospital, Tampa, FL

Publication date: January 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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