Improved Histological Evaluation of Vascularity Around an Immunoisolation Device by Correlating Number of Vascular Profiles to Glucose Exchange
Abstract:The aim of this study was to determine which vessels are important for the exchange of small molecules, such as glucose, from the microcirculation into an immunoisolation device. Reasonably, those vessels should be the ones of interest in histological evaluations. In a previous study, we examined the diffusion of glucose from the microcirculation into immunoisolation devices that had been implanted subcutaneously in rats for various times (i.e., 1, 2, and 4 weeks and 3 months). The glucose kinetic data were then correlated with the number of vascular profiles within 15 and 250 μm from the device. Significant correlations were found only at 250 μm. To examine the relation further between function and vascularization, we used the histological samples from the previous study and counted vascular profiles within various distances between 15 and 400 μm from the device. The number was then correlated with the already available glucose kinetic data. The highest correlations were found at 75 and 100 μm (p < 0.05). We therefore suggest that vascular profiles within 100 μm should be used when evaluating the vascularity of tissue surrounding an immunoisolation device. We also studied neovascularization asymmetries between the side of the membrane facing the skin and that facing the muscle. At 1 and 2 weeks about half of the devices were mainly vascularized on the side facing the skin, whereas the rest were equally vascularized on the two sides. At 3 months, all devices were well vascularized, and no striking vascularization asymmetries were seen.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: *Department of Transplantation, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden 2: †Department of Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden
Publication date: 2004-01-01
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