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REVIEW Graft-Induced Plasticity in the Mammalian Host CNS Jitka Ourednik and Václav Ourednik

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Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 In this review we trace back the history of an idea that takes a new approach in restorative neurotransplantation by focusing on the “multifaceted dialogue” between graft and host and assigns a central role to graft-evoked host plasticity. In several experimental examples ranging from the transfer of solid fetal tissue grafts into mechanical cortical injuries to deposits of neural stem cells into hemisectioned spinal cord, MPTP-damaged substantia nigra or mutant cerebella supportive evidence is provided for the hypothesis, that in many CNS disorders regeneration of the host CNS can be achieved by taking advantage of the inherent capacity of neural grafts to induce protective and restorative mechanisms within the host. This principle might once allow us to spare even complex circuitry from neurodegeneration.
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Keywords: CNS; Graft; Neural stem cell; Neuroprotection; Neurotransplantation; Regeneration; Rescue

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: Department of Surgery/Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY

Publication date: 2004-01-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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