CD86 Blockade in Genetically Modified Porcine Cells Delays Xenograft Rejection by Inhibiting T-Cell and NK-Cell Activation

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Abstract:

Porcine xenografts transplanted into primates are rejected in spite of immunosuppression. Identification of the triggering mechanisms and the strategies to overcome them is crucial to achieve long-term graft survival. We hypothesized that porcine CD86 (pCD86) contributes to xenograft rejection by direct activation of host T cells and NK cells. Formerly, we designed the human chimeric molecule hCD152-hCD59 to block pCD86 in cis. To test the efficacy in vivo, we have utilized a pig-to-mouse xenotransplant model. First, we showed that hCD152-hCD59 expression prevents the binding of murine CD28Ig to pCD86 on porcine aortic endothelial cells (PAEC) and dramatically reduces IL-2 secretion by Con A-stimulated mouse splenocytes in coculture. Moreover, IFN-γ secretion by IL-12-stimulated mouse NK cells was averted after coculture with hCD152- hCD59 PAEC. In vivo, control PAEC implanted under the kidney capsule were rapidly rejected (2–4 weeks) in BALB/c and BALB/c SCID mice. Rejection of hCD152-hCD59 PAEC was significantly delayed in both cases. Signs of immune modulation in the hCD152-hCD59-PAEC BALB/c recipients were identified such as early hyporesponsiveness and diminished antibody response. Thus, simply modifying the donor xenogeneic cell can diminish both T cell and NK cell immune responses. We specifically demonstrate that pCD86 contributes to rejection of porcine xenografts.

Keywords: Antibody response; CD152 antigen; CD86 antigen; NK cells; T cells; Xenotransplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000004772664923

Affiliations: *Departments of Molecular and Preclinical Sciences, Alexion Pharmaceuticals Inc., 352 Knotter Drive, Cheshire, CT 06410

Publication date: January 1, 2004

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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