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Short-Term Storage of the Ischemically Damaged Human Pancreas by the Two-Layer Method Prior to Islet Isolation

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A two-layer cold storage method (TLM) allows sufficient oxygen delivery to pancreata during preservation and resuscitates the viability of ischemically damaged pancreata in the canine pancreas transplant model. In this study, we applied a short-term preservation of the TLM to human pancreata after prolonged cold ischemia prior to islet isolation, and investigated the mechanisms of resuscitation of the ischemically damaged human pancreas by the TLM. Human pancreata were procured from cadaveric donors and preserved by the TLM for 3.2 ± 0.5 h after 11.1 ± 0.9 h of cold storage in UW (TLM group), or by cold UW alone for 11.0 ± 0.3 h (UW group). Islet isolations of all pancreata were performed using the Edmonton protocol. Islet recovery and in vitro functional viability of isolated islets were significantly increased in the TLM group compared with the UW group. According to the criteria of the Edmonton protocol, 10/14 cases (71%) in the TLM group were transplanted to patients with type I diabetes mellitus compared with only 5/21 cases (24%) in the UW group. In the metabolic assessment of human pancreata, levels of energetic parameters (ATP, total adenylates, and energy charge) were significantly increased, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were significantly decreased after the TLM preservation. There was no observable change in the incidence or degree of mitochondrial injury after the TLM preservation. Additional short-term storage by the TLM resuscitates the ischemically damaged human pancreas by regenerating the energetic status and prevents further damage by oxidative stress, ultimately leading to improvements of islet recovery and in vitro function. Use of the TLM following prolonged storage in UW provides an excellent adjunctive protocol for treating human pancreata for the rigors of the islet isolation process.

Keywords: Human islet isolation; Oxygenation; Pancreas preservation; Perfluorochemical; Two-layer method

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: *Surgical-Medical Research Institute, Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G2N8, Canada 2: †Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kobe University, Kobe, Hyogo, 650-0017, Japan

Publication date: 2004-01-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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