Hepatic Cells Via Cava Vein Can Influence Allogenic Islet Rat Transplantation
Source: Cell Transplantation, Volume 12, Number 8, 2003 , pp. 891-896(6)
Publisher: Cognizant Communication Corporation
Abstract:We have reported, previously, some effect of allogenic hepatic cells for islet tolerance when they are injected mixed (hepatic cells and islets) in different proportions via portal vein, in diabetic Wistar rats. Now we have studied the role of allogenic hepatic cells injected sequentially 15 min before islets, comparing via the portal vein (A and B groups) and via the cava vein (C and D groups) with a control group of islets alone. The allogenic islets were always injected via portal vein, in similar conditions, while the ratio of hepatic cells/islets was 100:1 (A, C groups) or 200:1 (B, D groups). Islets and hepatic cells were obtained from several different rats. The transplanted rats were observed during 30 days and results compared among the different rat groups: porta-porta (P/P), cava-porta (C/P), and control group. Statistically, a significant interaction between type of transplant and proportion of hepatic cells was observed. Also, C plus D groups showed statistical difference with the control group (p < 0.017) and also all the groups together (p < 0.047). These results suggest that hepatic cells can induce, in some cases, islet graft prolongation in Wistar rats. Better results were obtained when hepatic cells were injected via the cava vein than via the portal vein. Because we used a liver cell suspension integrated for several kinds of cells, the study does not clarify if this effect can be related to some specific hepatic cell subpopulation. To confirm the results and to determine if the hypothetical mechanism can be attributed to a block of the immune system or to some factor secreted by hepatic cells, more studies must be performed.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: *Unidad de Medicina y Cirugía Experimental, Servicio de Endocrinología, Cantoblanco, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain 2: †Unidad de Medicina y Cirugía Experimental, Facultad de Veterinaria UCM, Cantoblanco, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain 3: ‡Unidad de Medicina y Cirugía Experimental, Laboratorio de Investigación Biomédica, Cantoblanco, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain
Publication date: January 1, 2003
- Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.