Recent advances in islet cell transplantation have led to insulin independence in a majority of islet transplant recipients. However, there exists a need to overcome the shortage of donor tissue and the necessity for life-long immunosuppression. Preclinical studies in large animal models are necessary to evaluate the safety and efficacy of alternative approaches for clinical islet transplantation. The nonhuman primate serves as an appropriate animal model for such investigations; however, a major impediment in performing such preclinical research has been the difficulty in isolating islets of sufficient quantity and quality. The current study describes a simple and cost-effective method to isolate nonhuman primate islets to support preclinical islet transplantation research. The results of islet isolations from 54 cynomolgus monkeys and 4 baboons are reported. The pancreas was infused with Liberase HI and subjected to static digestion. The digested tissue was shaken, filtered through a mesh screen, applied to a discontinuous gradient, and centrifuged in much the same manner as with conventional rodent islet isolations. Islets were collected from the two interfaces, washed, and transplanted. Following purification, cynomolgus monkey islet isolation yields were 50,100 ± 3120 IE total or 8760 ± 420 IE/g pancreas with the percent purity and viability of 90.8 ± 0.9 and 90.7 ± 0.7, respectively. Total insulin content of the isolated islets was 405 ± 53 μg insulin with DNA content being and 976 ± 117 μg DNA, corresponding to a ratio of 0.57 μg insulin/μg DNA. STZ-induced diabetes was reversed in both mouse and nonhuman primate recipients, which possessed significant levels of c-peptide following transplantation and well-granulated islet grafts. The technique yields sufficient numbers of pure and viable islets to support preclinical research to develop improved strategies to prevent the immune destruction of the transplanted islet graft.
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Document Type: Research Article
*Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
†Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
Publication date: 01 January 2003
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Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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