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Insulin-Induced Normoglycemia Reduces Islet Number Needed to Achieve Normoglycemia After Allogeneic Islet Transplantation in Diabetic Mice

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Abstract:

The Edmonton protocol established that insulin independence could be reached with the transplantation of an appropriate number of islet cells. However, to effect a cure, islets from two or three pancreases are needed. The aim of this study was to examine whether normoglycemia, with insulin treatment before and after transplantation, reduces the islet number needed to achieve normoglycemia in allogeneic islet transplantation. Swiss mice were used as donors and recipients. Diabetes was induced by IP administration of streptozotocin (180 mg/kg BW). Diabetic mice were transplanted with 300 (n = 16), 400 (n = 16), or 500 (n = 16) islets under the left kidney capsule. For every group, half the animals were kept normoglycemic with insulin treatment from day 4 before transplantation to day 10 after transplantation. At the end of the study, all normoglycemic mice were given an IP glucose tolerance test (IPGTT). For statistical analysis, paired or unpaired Student’s t-test or ANOVA was used. Only insulin-treated mice achieved normoglycemia by the end of the study (37.5% of animals transplanted with 400 islets and 50% transplanted with 300 or 500 islets). At the end of the study, normoglycemic mice transplanted with 300 allogeneic islets showed better glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) than did normoglycemic mice transplanted with 500 islets (300 islets: 2.7 ± 0.2%; 500 islets: 3.6 ± 0.2%; p < 0.05). After the IPGTT, insulin-treated mice transplanted with 500 islets showed abnormal glucose tolerance; however, insulin-treated mice transplanted with 300 or 400 islets showed normal glucose tolerance. Insulin treatment reduced the islet number needed to achieve normoglycemia in allogeneic islet transplantation. The HbA1C and IPGTT results suggest that transplanting smaller numbers of allogeneic islets improves β-cell function; some studies suggest that this may be due to lower immunogenicity, hypoxia, and inflammation.

Keywords: Glucose tolerance; Insulin; Islet number; Islet transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000003771000192

Affiliations: 1: *Laboratory of Experimental Diabetes, Endocrinology Department, University Hospital “La Fe,” Av. Campanar 21, Valencia 46009, Spain 2: †Surgery Department, University Hospital “La Fe,” Av. Campanar 21, Valencia 46009, Spain

Publication date: January 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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