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Expression of Neuronal Markers in Differentiated Marrow Stromal Cells and CD133+ Stem-Like Cells

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Abstract:

Bone marrow stromal cells, which normally give rise to bone, cartilage, adipose tissue, and hematopoiesis-supporting cells, have been shown to differentiate in vitro and in vivo into neural-like cells. In this study, we examined the expression of neuronal and glial markers in human marrow stromal cells under culture conditions appropriate for neural stem cells, and compared the unsorted cell population to bone marrow CD133+ stem-like cells using immunofluorescence, Western blot, and functional patch-clamp analysis. Overall, the expression of the early neuronal marker β3-tubulin was most pronounced in the presence of DMEM/F12 and neurotrophin 3 (NT3) or brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), when marrow stromal cells were cultured onto fibronectin. Electrophysiological examination, however, could not show fast sodium currents or functional neurotransmitter receptors in differentiated marrow stromal cells. CD133+ mesenchymal stem-like cells, but not CD34+/CD133 cells, generally showed a higher expression of neuronal markers than did unsorted marrow stromal cells, and differentiated CD133+ cells more resembled neuron-like cells.

Keywords: Adult stem cells; CD133; Marrow stromal cells; Mesenchymal cells; Neural transdifferentiation; Stem cell plasticity

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000003771000183

Affiliations: Department of Neurology, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich, Germany

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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