Neural Precursor Cells as Carriers for a Gene Therapeutical Approach in Tumor Therapy
Abstract:Conventional therapeutical approaches such as surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy have been shown to be rather unsuccessful in the treatment of infiltrative growing tumors such as the malignant glioblastoma multiforme. Thus, new therapeutical strategies have to be developed that are suitable for inducing cell death also in migrating tumor cells. These new therapeutical stategies include cell and/or gene therapeutical approaches. We demonstrate that glial-restricted progenitor cells as well as embryonic stem cell-derived neural stem cells belong to cell populations applicable to such therapeutical concepts. Both cell types can be efficiently transduced using a third-generation high-capacity “gutless” adenoviral vector, and show a tropism for the F98 glioma cells by migrating towards a spheroid of F98 glioma cells with a tendency to form a barrier around the tumor spheroid in an in vitro tumor confrontation model. Moreover, in a migration assay, secretion products of glial-restricted precursor cells have shown a potency to inhibit the migratory activity of glioma cells in vitro. In vivo, F98 glioma cell-derived tumor formation in the right striatum resulted in migration of glial as well as neural precursor cells towards the tumor area when cotransplanted in the corpus callosum of the contralateral hemisphere. After arrival, both cell types surround the tumor mass and even invade the experimentally induced tumor. These data indicate that glial-restricted as well as embryonic stem cell-derived neural precursor cells are good candidates as carriers for an ex vivo gene therapeutical approach in tumor therapy.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: *Department of Anatomy I, University of Cologne, Joseph-Stelzmann Str. 9, 50931 Köln, Germany 2: ‡Clinic for Stereotaxy and Functional Neurosurgery, University of Cologne, Joseph-Stelzmann Str. 9, 50931 Köln, Germany 3: †Center for Molecular Medicine (ZMMK), University of Cologne, Joseph-Stelzmann Str. 9, 50931 Köln, Germany
Publication date: January 1, 2003
- Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.