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Staging and Preparation of Human Fetal Striatal Tissue for Neural Transplantation in Huntington’s Disease

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Abstract:

Transplantation of human fetal central nervous system tissue has been shown to be of benefit in Parkinson’s disease, and is currently being explored as a therapeutic option in Huntington’s disease. The success of a neural transplant is dependent on a number of factors, including the requirement that donor cells are harvested within a given developmental window and that the cell preparation protocols take account of the biological parameters identified in animal models. Although many of the criteria necessary for a successful neural transplant have been defined in animal models, ultimately they must be validated in human studies, and some issues can only ever be addressed in human studies. Furthermore, because neural transplantation of human fetal tissue is limited to small numbers of patients in any one surgical center, largely due to practical constraints, it is crucial that tissue preparation protocols are clearly defined and reproducible, so that (i) multicenter trials are possible and are based on consistent tissue preparation parameters, and (ii) results between centers can be meaningfully analyzed. Here we describe the preparation of human fetal striatum for neural transplantation in Huntington’s disease, and report on the validation of a method for estimating the developmental stage of the fetus based on direct morphometric measurements of the embryonic tissue.

Keywords: Clinical trials; Fetal tissue; Huntington’s disease; Morphometric analysis; Neural transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/000000003108747299

Affiliations: 1: *School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, PO Box 911, Museum Av, Cardiff CF10 3US, UK 2: †Cambridge University Centre for Brain Repair, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 2PY, UK 3: ‡Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Hills Rd, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK 4: §Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Hills Rd, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK

Publication date: 2002-12-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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