Photoconstructs of Nerve Guidance Prosthesis Using Photoreactive Gelatin as a Scaffold

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Abstract:

We devised a novel nerve prosthesis composed of an elastomeric gelatinous tube and multifilament gelatinous fibers, both of which were prepared from styrene-derivatized gelatin, which allows in situ formation of a bioactive substance-incorporated gel. An in vitro study showed that the axonal regeneration potential of a photocured gelatin layer impregnated with laminin, fibronectin, and NGF was almost comparable with that of coated Matrigel. A nerve conduit and fibers prepared from photoreactive gelatin was subjected to visible-light irradiation with rotation in the presence of camphorquinone as a photoinitiator using a custom-designed apparatus. A sample of transparent gelatinous conduit with an inner diameter of 1.2 mm and a wall thickness of 0.6 mm and gelatin fibers ranging from 10 to 100 μm in diameter were produced. The photocured elastomeric gelatinous tube was flexible and had structural integrity that allowed mechanical handling without breaking. A novel nerve guidance prosthesis composed of tubes packed with fibers was assembled. This photofabrication technology may enable the design of a tailor-made shape and rapid morphogenesis and functional recovery of damaged nerve tissue.

Keywords: Axonal regeneration; Immobilization; Photofabrication; Photoreactive gelatin

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000003108747046

Affiliations: 1: *Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyushu University, 3-1-1, Maidashi, Higashi-Ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan 2: †Department of Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyushu University, 3-1-1, Maidashi, Higashi-Ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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