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BRIEF COMMUNICATION: Effect of Adhesion or Collagen Molecules on Cell Attachment, Insulin Secretion, and Glucose Responsiveness in the Cultured Adult Porcine Endocrine Pancreas: A Preliminary Study

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Abstract:

The effect of either adhesion or collagen molecules on cell attachment, insulin secretion, and glucose responsiveness was investigated in adult porcine pancreatic endocrine (PE) cells that were cultured for a longer term in vitro. Six different types of molecules—laminin, fibronectin, poly-L-lysine (PLL), type I collagen, gelatin, and Matrigel—were used. Approximately 2.0 × 105 cells per dish of each molecule type were cultured for 4 weeks. In the laminin group, the insulin accumulation was maintained at a significantly higher level than in the control group at 4 weeks of culture, and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and the insulin-positive rate were also higher than in the control group. In the Matrigel group, islet-like cell clusters were formed, but insulin accumulation rapidly decreased at 3–4 weeks of culture. A large number of PE cells attached tightly and spread in the fibronectin group until the fourth week of culture, but their function was not better than those in the control group. In the PLL and gelatin groups, the PE cell function was not significantly different from that of the control group. In the type I collagen group, insulin secretion was inferior to that of the other groups. The results of this study suggest that laminin is the most suitable extracellular matrix for the long-term culture preservation of PE cells.

Keywords: Adhesion molecules; Extracellular matrix; Laminin; Monolayer culture; Porcine pancreatic endocrine cells; Preservation

Document Type: Short Communication

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000003108746867

Affiliations: 1: *Division of Cell Replacement and Regenerative Medicine, Medical Research Institute, School of Medicine, Tokyo Women’s Medical University 2: †Laboratory of Veterinary Emergency Medicine, The University of Tokyo 3: ‡Laboratory of Veterinary Surgery, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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