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Fast Hematopoietic Recovery After Bone Marrow Engraftment Needs Physiological Proximity of Stromal and Stem Cells

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Relatively slow hematopoietic recovery after isolated bone marrow (I-BM) engraftment is probably caused by a disrupted microenvironment of stromal and stem cells. Thus, we compared the kinetics of hematopoietic recovery of lethally irradiated rats that received I-BM versus vascularized BM (V-BM). Total body irradiated (TBI; 8 Gy) Lewis (LEW; RT1l) rats were either injected IV with syngeneic sex-mismatched 80 × 106 I-BM or transplanted with 80 × 106 V-BM in orthotopic hind limb grafts. Ten days later, peripheral blood (PB) and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) of these recipients were examined for the presence of donor-derived hematopoietic cells with a panel of monoclonal antibodies by FACS. To detect male cells in sex-mismatched female recipients, PCR was performed using male Y chromosome primers. When examined in PB and MLN, recipients transplanted with V-BM displayed significantly faster recovery of leukocytes (CD43+), monocytes (CD14+), and T cells (CD5+) in comparison with I-BM recipients. In addition, only V-BM (but not I-BM) groups contained stroma-like male-positive cells in PB and MLN. Our results suggest that V-BM transplants provided superior hematopoietic recovery in comparison to I-BM transplants. We postulated that close proximity between stromal and stem cells in V-BM is essential for efficient repopulation with progenitors of different lines of leukocytes.
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Keywords: Bone marrow stromal cells; Bone marrow transplantation; Hematopoiesis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Surgical Research and Transplantology Department, Medical Research Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical School, Houston, TX

Publication date: 2003-01-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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