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Induction of Chimerism in Mice Using Human MHC Class I-Mismatched Hoechst 33342 Side Population Donor Stem Cells

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A population of Hoechst 33342-stained cells, termed side population (SP) cells, can reconstitute the hematopoietic system of syngeneic mice. This study examined whether limiting numbers of SP cells can repopulate mice across a xenogeneic MHC class I barrier. SP cells were isolated from HLA.B7 and HLA.A2.1 transgenic mice by FACS and placed in colony assays or transplanted into irradiated C57BL/6 (B/6) recipients. SP cells contained few colony-forming cells when placed directly in culture. The number of GM-CFC and HPP-CFC increased up to 3000- and 300-fold, respectively, after 7 days in IL-3- and SCF-stimulated liquid culture. BMC-derived GM-CFC increased up to only 12-fold and HPP-CFC decreased after 7 days in culture. HLA-B7 SP cells (2500–5000) were transplanted into lethal-irradiated B/6 mice. Two-color flow analysis, 4–6 weeks after transplantation, showed that HLA-B7 expression in granulocyte-, macrophage-, and lymphocyte-specific lineages from reconstituted mice was similar to that in B7 transgenic mice. Secondary transplanted B/6 mice also showed a pattern of HLA-B7 expression similar to that in transgenic mice and were followed for longer than 16 weeks with stable chimerism. When HLA-A2.1 SP cells were transplanted into sublethally irradiated mice, 50% of the mice expressed HLA-A2 by PCR analysis in short-term repopulation studies. These data confirm that limiting numbers of SP cells can repopulate the major hematopoietic lineages in lethal and sublethally irradiated mice across a human MHC class I barrier. Therefore, SP cells may be useful for establishing mixed chimerism, which may induce immunologic nonresponsiveness to donor antigens in solid organ transplantation.
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Keywords: Key words: Chimerism; Side population; Transplanta

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: †Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, 68198 2: *Department of Surgery, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, 68198

Publication date: 2002-01-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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