Evaluating the Effect of Serine Proteases on Collagenase Activity During Human Islet Isolation
Inconsistencies in human islet yields after collagenase digestion have been attributed to the activation of endogenous enzymes of the donor pancreas. It has been suggested that pancreatic serine proteases contribute to the proteolysis of collagenase. This study defined the effects of endogenous enzymes within the pancreas on pancreas dissociation during collagenase digestion. Levels of collagenase activity from samples taken throughout several steps in islet isolation procedures, both with and without the addition of the serine protease inhibitor Pefabloc, were determined by a spectrophotometric assay using N-[3-(2-furyl)acryloyl]-Leu-Gly-Pro-Ala as the substrate. Results clearly demonstrated that the level of collagenase activity remains stable throughout the isolation procedure despite differences in the donor factors from several cadaveric donor pancreases. This was further demonstrated by observing no difference in activity levels after incubating commercial collagenase preparations with serine proteases and analyzing by means of collagenase activity and SDS-PAGE. These data show that the presence of serine proteases does not affect the level of collagenase activity; however, they likely damage the islet cells upon prolonged digestion of the pancreatic tissue. Further efforts at examining exogenous and endogenous enzyme levels may result in the development of an enzyme cocktail that is both stable and effective for digesting the human pancreas while preserving islet function and viability.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: †Surgical-Medical Research Institute, 1074 Dentistry/Pharmacy Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2N8, Canada 2: *Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2, Canada
Publication date: January 1, 2002
- Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.