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Effects of Antioxidant Pretreatment on the Survival of Embryonic Dopaminergic Neurons In Vitro and Following Grafting in an Animal Model of Parkinson's Disease

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Abstract:



The effect of pretreating cell suspensions of embryonic rat ventral mesencephala (VM) with antioxidant combinations on the survival of dopaminergic (DA) neurons was studied in vitro and following transplantation into the unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rat model of Parkinson’s disease. The in vitro experiments examined the effects of two thiol antioxidants, N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) and reduced glutathione (GSH), and a member of the lazaroid family of 21-aminosteroids, U-83836E, singly and in combination, on survival of DA neurons derived from dissociated E14 rat VM tissue. For in vivo studies, cell suspensions were pretreated with combinations of NAC, GSH, and U-83836E prior to transplanting into 6-OHDA-lesioned rats to investigate whether DA neuron survival could be further improved. NAC, GSH, and U-83836E individually increased DA neuron survival in vitro and a combination of all three resulted in the greatest survival. In vivo, pretreatment with U-83836E alone resulted in a significantly greater reduction in amphetamine-induced rotation 6 weeks postgrafting compared with a control group receiving nontreated graft tissue. This functional effect correlated with a significant improvement in DA neuron survival 6 weeks postgrafting. The thiol combination pretreatment of NAC and GSH, and the triple combination of NAC, GSH, and U-83836E, however, failed to improve both functional recovery and DA neuron survival when compared with the nontreated control grafts.

Keywords: Key words: N-Acetyl-L-cysteine; Dopaminergic neurons; Glutathione; Lazaroid; Neural transplantation; Parkinson’s disease

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000002783985431

Affiliations: 1: *Department of Human Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3QX, UK 2: †Wallenberg Neuroscience Center, Section for Neuronal Survival, BMC A10, S-221 84 Lund, Sweden

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
cog/ct/2002/00000011/00000007/ct338
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