Anoikis: Roadblock to Cell Transplantation?
Cell therapy, in particular liver cell transplantation, holds great therapeutic potential and is partially hindered by the high rate of apoptosis during cell isolation, cryopreservation, and engraftment. Apoptosis occurring due to cell detachment from the extracellular matrix is a phenomenon termed “anoikis.” The purpose of this review is to describe signaling mechanisms pertinent to anoikis in both immortalized cell lines, but particularly in primary normal epithelial cells. The mechanisms described include integrin signaling and survival molecules, caspase activation, and the role of mitochondrial proteins in anoikis. Strategies to prevent anoikis during isolation and cryopreservation of hepatocytes are discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: *Gastroenterology Institute, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Weizmann 6, Tel Aviv 64239, Israel 2: †Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Medical School; Children's Memorial Institute for Education and Research. Siragusa Transplantation Center, Children's Memorial Hospital
Publication date: 2002-01-01
Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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