Hybrid of Gel-Cultured Smooth Muscle Cells With PLLA Sponge as a Scaffold Towards Blood Vessel Regeneration

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Abstract:

Although rapid formation of a smooth inner surface is important in constructing an artificial vascular graft, a conventional model that uses a biodegradable polymer such as poly-glycolic acid needs long-term culture to form it. In another model, which uses collagen gel, it is reported that prompt formation of the smooth inner surface was achieved. But the mechanical properties were not suitable, resulting in rupture under high pressure at the arterial level. Therefore, we propose a new artificial vascular graft model made of biodegradable polymer, gel, and cells. At first we manufactured an artificial vascular graft (i.d. 5 mm, o.d.7 mm) consisting of poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) with open pore structures by using gas-forming methods. After mixing human normal aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs) with type I collagen solution, pores of the PLLA scaffold were filled with the mixture. The collagen mixture was made into gel in the pores of the PLLA scaffold, incubating at 37°C. WET-SEM analysis showed that the prompt formation of a smooth inner surface was achieved in the new model. The ratio of incorporation of SMCs into the artificial vascular graft became approximately 100% by using the cell–collagen mixture, whereas only 40% of SMCs were trapped in the conventional model where SMCs were inoculated as a cell–medium suspension. Therefore, it was suggested that the new artificial vascular graft model was superior in smooth inner surface formation and cell inoculation, compared with conventional models using either biodegradable polymer or gel.

Keywords: Artificial; Gel; Key words: Biodegradable polymer

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000002783985747

Affiliations: 1: *Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan 2: †Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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