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Lentiviral Transfer of the LacZ Gene Into Human Endothelial Cells and Human Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells

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Abstract:

Because one of the attractive characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-based lentiviral vectors is that it can infect even nondividing cells, a lentivirus-mediated gene delivery system is currently being paid a great deal of attention as an innovative tool for gene transfer into target cells. The purpose of the work was to investigate the efficacy of lentiviral transfer of the LacZ gene into human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (HMSCs) in vitro. For the present study, a vesicular stomatitis virus G-protein (VSV-G)-pseudotyped lentiviral vector encoding the E. coli LacZ gene tagged with nuclear localization signal (NLS) was generated in 293T cells by means of the three-plasmid system. The resulting lentiviral vector, LtV-NLS/LacZ, was allowed to infect HUVECs and HMSCs. Approximately 70% of HUVECs were positive for LacZ expression and 50% of HMSCs showed LacZ activity. There was no significant difference in transduction efficacy between early and late-passage phases in both cells. LtV-NLS/LacZ-transduced HUVECs showed gene expression of endothelial markers including CD34 and flt-1 and KDR/flk-1 of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors and had angiogenic potential as efficiently as primarily cultured HUVECs in a Matrigel assay. These findings provide evidence that lentiviral vectors are efficient tools for gene transfer and expression in human endothelial cells and stem cells that could be useful for tissue engineering.

Keywords: Endothelial cell; Key words: Lentivirus; LacZ gene

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/000000002783985620

Affiliations: 1: *Department of Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Okayama 700-8558, Japan 2: ‡The Japan Health Sciences Foundation 3: †Department of Cell Biology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Okayama 700-8558, Japan

Publication date: 2002-05-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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