Feasibility of Using Early Mesencephalic Neural Plate for Intracerebral Grafting

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to elucidate the biological significance and the possibility of intracerebral grafting of neuroepithelial stem cells derived from the mesencephalic neural plate. Immunohistological studies of embryonic day 10.5 (E10.5) Wister rats revealed strong nestin expression in the mesencephalic part of the neural plate. Mesencephalic neural plates removed from E10.5 rats were processed to either tissue or cell dissociation culture. They were cultured in vitro under various conditions and were analyzed 7 days after the primary culture. When they were cultured as a tissue, cell proliferation and differentiation into neurons extending long neurites were obvious in a serum-free medium, in a medium containing 3% serum, and in a medium containing 20 ng/ml epidermal growth factor. On the other hand, in a medium containing 10 ng/ml basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), both vigorous cell proliferation and sphere formation were recognized. Furthermore, marked neurite growth was rarely seen in this culture. When they were plated in a dissociation culture, cell proliferation and neurosphere generation were also recognized only in a medium containing bFGF, depending on the initial cell concentration. The spheres, generated 7 days after the primary cell culture, were positively stained by nestin. These data suggested that bFGF was able to amplify the stem cell population present in the mesencephalic neural plate derived from early embryos. This might make it possible to obtain a large number of stem cells as donor material for neural transplantation on demand.

Keywords: Key words: Mesencephalic neural plate; Neuroepithe

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000002783985639

Affiliations: Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Shinanomachi 35, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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