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Islet Transplantation Under the Kidney Capsule Corrects the Defects in Glycogen Metabolism in Both Liver and Muscle of Streptozocin-Diabetic Rats
Insulin-deficient rats are characterized by multiple defects in the pathway of glycogen synthesis and breakdown in both liver and skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to clarify whether islet transplantation under the kidney capsule, which is associated with delivery of insulin into the peripheral circulation, is able to normalize glycogen metabolism in liver and muscle of streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Three groups of male Lewis rats were studied under fasting condition: controls, untreated diabetics, and islet transplanted diabetics. Glycogen content, glucose-6-phosphate concentration, and glycogen synthase activity were measured in both liver and skeletal muscle. Untreated diabetic rats were characterized by an increase in glycogen content of 178% and a reduction of glucose-6-phosphate level of 50%. Both glycogen and glucose-6-phosphate contents were restored to normal in transplanted diabetic rats. Active glycogen synthase (0.35 ± 0.1 nmol/min/mg) and activity ratio (0.22 ± 0.04) were significantly impaired compared with controls (0.99 ± 0.2 nmol/min/mg and 0.43 ± 0.06, respectively) and were normalized by islet transplantation. In the skeletal muscle, glycogen content was similar in the three groups of animals, whereas muscle glucose-6-phosphate level was reduced by 28% and glycogen synthase was in a less active state in the untreated diabetic rats. Both the glucose-6-phosphate concentration and the kinetic profile of glycogen synthase were normalized by islet transplantation. In conclusion, islet transplantation under the kidney capsule corrects the diabetes-induced abnormalities in glycogen and glucose-6-phosphate content and glycogen synthase activity in both liver and skeletal muscle.
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Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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