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Newly Designed Compliant Hierarchic Hybrid Vascular Graft Wrapped With Microprocessed Elastomeric Film—II: Morphogenesis and Compliance Change Upon Implantation

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Hierarchic structured hybrid tubular vascular media composed of endothelial cells (ECs), which covered the luminal surface, and smooth muscle cells (SMCs), which resided in the tubular collagen gel, were wrapped with thin segmented polyurethane elastomeric films designed to provide compliance matching with native arteries and transmural tissue permeability using a laser-directed ablation technique to provide different pore densities. Two hybrid grafts with high and low pore densities (inner diameter: 150 μm and length: 4 cm), and exhibiting pressure-dependent distensibility in response to pulsatile pressure, were bilaterally implanted into canine common arteries for up to 6 months. Irrespective of the pore density, high patency was achieved and no dilation and bursting occurred. Maintenance of full endothelialization during the entire course of implantation period was observed for the graft wrapped with the film with higher pore density. On the other hand, the graft wrapped with the film with lower pore density exhibited markedly reduced endothelialization at a later period of implantation, probably due to delamination of neoarterial tissue from the segmented polyurethane (SPU) surface. There were some differences in transmural tissue ingrowth between the two grafts. At anastomotic sites, neoarterial thickness for type A graft was smaller than that for type B graft regardless of the implantation period. Slightly reduced compliance was observed for both types of grafts at the sixth month of the implantation period. This study indicates that a hybrid vascular graft minimally supported with a thin elastomeric film can be used to replace diseased arteries if micropores are well designed for tissue permeability and anchoring.
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Keywords: Key words: Hybrid vascular grafts; Segmented polyu

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: *Department of Bioengineering, National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, 5-7-1, Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, Japan 2: †Department of Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyushu University, 3-1-1, Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan

Publication date: 01 January 2002

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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