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Isolation, Culture, and Characterization of Endocrine Cells From 6-Month-Old Porcine Pancreas

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Porcine endocrine cells were isolated from pancreas of 6-month-old pigs by two-step enzymatic digestion procedures. They were separated by the density gradient (isopycnic) centrifugation method using Histopaque-1077. Isolated cells were cultured and divided into two groups: suspension cells and adhesion cells. Suspension cells maintained their cell numbers on and after 7 days in culture. Approximately 1 × 107 cells were obtained from single pancreas of a 6-month-old pig. The cultured suspension cells took up dithizone (DTZ) staining 14 days after isolation in culture and indicated the presence of β-cells. In in vitro study, the suspension cells were capable of secreting insulin into the culture medium. The suspension cells were tested for insulin and glucagon staining by Western blot analysis. These results indicated the maintenance of endocrine cell function after isolation. However, cultured adhesion cells failed to maintain their function during culture. In in vivo study, the suspension cells were transplanted into diabetes-induced nude mice. Reduction in blood glucose level was obtained after transplantation. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) results showed a normal pattern of blood glucose clearance. After 1 week, the transplanted endocrine cells were detected with anti-insulin antibody by immunostaining and it showed the presence of viable β-cells under the renal capsule of nude mice. Collectively, our results suggest that isolated and cultured suspension porcine endocrine cells maintained their endocrine function. These endocrine cells can be used as isolated islets for further study, including transplantation experiments.

Keywords: Key words: Porcine pancreatic endocrine cells; Two

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: *Department of Organ Reconstruction, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2: †Suzuka University of Medical Sciences, Mie, Japan 3: ‡Applied Biosystems Japan Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

Publication date: April 1, 2001

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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