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Tissue-Engineered Pancreatic Islets: Culturing Rat Islets in the Chitosan Sponge

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Subcutaneous islet transplantation has become an attractive modality. With development of tissue-engineering techniques, it is possible to rectify the disadvantage of poor blood supply in the subcutaneous site by reconstruction of the capillary network. According to reports, the Chitosan sponge (CS) could be used for reconstruction of in vitro capillary-like network and could be used in artificial skin equivalent. In this study, we cultured the islets in CS for future application. CSs, having 200–500 μm pore size, were prepared by freeze-drying method. Rat islets were isolated from the pancreas of Lewis rats (10 weeks old, 280–300 g, male) by collagenase digestion followed by discontinuous dextran gradient centrifugation method. Each 20 islets were seeded equally into the CSs and were cultured for 62 days with various culture media such as RPMI-1640, Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM), and Eagle's MEM. They contained 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 5 ml/L antibiotic-antimycotic mixed stock solution in the culture dishes. Insulin concentration both inside and outside of the islet-seeded CS was measured during culture. Changes in the morphology of islets were also observed in this study. Freshly isolated islets had a loose appearance with an irregular border, and most were seen as a single islet. Occasionally a cluster, consisting of 2–4 islets ranging mainly from 150 to 250 μm in diameter, was observed. Islets cultured in the CSs in different culture media retained initial morphology, which had well-delineated smooth borders for at least 53 days. The insulin release behavior of islets cultured in the CS showed constant secretory capacities for 49 days. After that they exhibited a rapid and definitive decline from the initial insulin release. Until this stage, insulin concentration in the CS was well maintained. The properties were dependent on culture medium used and insulin diffusion released from islets. This experiment is a new study model for establishment of islet culture in a three-dimensional matrix. Also extension of this observation will provide new insights for islet transplantation at the subcutaneous site by a tissue-engineering approach.
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Keywords: Chi; Key words: Subcutaneous islet transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: *Department of Surgery and Surgical Basic Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2: †Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Publication date: 2001-04-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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