Evaluation of Insulin Secretion of Isolated Rat Islets Cultured in Extracellular Matrix

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Abstract:

Islet isolation involves enzymatic digestion of the interstitial matrix and mechanical disruption of the tissue. It is possible that a fundamental change of islet biology resulting from the loss of critical factors required for islet function or survival will occur. Extracellular matrix (ECM) is one of the most important components of the islet microenvironment. Reconstruction of the cell–matrix relationship seems to be effective for improving the loss of differentiated islet structure and function. The purpose of this study was to characterize and compare the effects of collagen gel mixture or Matrigel on β-cell function and islet cell survival. After isolation by the collagenase digestion technique, rat islets were divided and cultured with various types of collagen gel mixture. They were assessed for their glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and cell viability. Glucose-induced insulin secretion of islets cultured with collagen type I gel or a mixture of collagen type I and IV was improved after 11 days in culture. In conclusion, a type of gel composed of collagen type I and/or type IV as an islet microenvironment is sufficient to maintain glucose responsiveness and may be useful for islet transplantation.

Keywords: Collagen gel; Ins; Key words: Extracellular matrix

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000001783986549

Affiliations: 1: *Department of Organ Reconstruction, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2: ‡Department of Oral Biochemistry, Nagasaki University School of Dentistry, Nagasaki, Japan 3: †Department of Biomaterials, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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