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The Influence of the Anticomplement Synthetic Sulfonic Polymers on the Function of Pancreatic Islets: An In Vitro Study

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Abstract:

In a previous experiment, we demonstrated the anticomplementary efficacy of poly(stryrene sulfonic acid) (PSSa) and poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl propane sulfonic acid) (PAMPS). The aim of this study was to examine their influence on the function of pancreatic islets in vitro. In this study, after culturing the rat islets with RPMI-1640 culture medium containing different concentrations of soluble PSSa or PAMPS for 24 h at 37°C, we performed morphological and functional examination of the rat islets. We found that the islets maintained their normal morphology regardless of whether they were in the PSSa or PAMPS groups when the concentrations of soluble PSSa or PAMPS in the media were below 1 g/dl. In the static incubation study, the islets cultured in the PAMPS groups showed significantly high insulin secretory response to glucose challenge but those in the PSSa groups lost the response when the concentrations of soluble PSSa or PAMPS in the media were below 1 g/dl. The PAMPS not only had strong anticomplementry effect, but also maintained the good insulin secretory capacity of the islets. These results indicated that PAMPS is a promising bioartificial material for future clinical application of biohybrid artificial pancreas preparation. It is well suitable for xenotransplantation experiments.

Keywords: Key words: Anticomplement synthetic sulfonic polye

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000001783986468

Affiliations: 1: *First Department of Surgery and Surgical Basic Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan 2: †Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2001

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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