Selective Repopulation of Mice Liver After Fas-Resistant Hepatocyte Transplantation
Abstract:Hepatocyte transplantation has been proposed as a potential therapeutic method to treat irreversible liver failure and inherited hepatic disorders, although transplanted cells do not easily reconstruct the liver tissue under intact conditions. This study was aimed at modulating the recipient liver conditions to promote repopulation of the liver after hepatocyte transplantation. Hepatocytes isolated from male MRL-lpr/lpr (lpr) mice with a mutation of Fas antigen were transplanted in a number of 1 × 106 cells in female MRL-+/+ (wild-type mice) by intrasplenic injection. An agonistic anti-Fas antibody (0.15 mg/kg) was administered intravenously 24 h after cell transplantation. We also administrated the antibody at 0.3 mg/kg 1 week after grafting and at 0.6 mg/kg 2 weeks after transplantation. The liver specimens were taken at different time intervals for histological examination. The reconstructed male lpr hepatocytes in the female wild-type mice were determined by a real-time quantitative PCR assay using the primers and probe for the sry gene. The pathologic findings of the recipient livers after treatment with anti-Fas antibody revealed a large number of apoptotic hepatocytes. The grafted lpr hepatocytes were observed to reconstruct as much as 6.9% of the recipient liver in the anti-Fas antibody-treated group 3 months after transplantation. In contrast, we observed the transplanted cells at lower than 0.1% in the nontreated livers. These findings demonstrated that repeated induction of apoptosis in recipient hepatocytes shifts the environment of the liver to a regenerative condition. This method may be useful to promote the reconstruction of transplanted hepatocytes in a recipient liver.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: ‡Department of Zootechnical Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo, Japan 2: *Department of Experimental Surgery and Bioengineering, National Children's Medical Research Center, Tokyo, Japan 3: †Genetics, National Children's Medical Research Center, Tokyo, Japan
Publication date: January 1, 2001
- Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.