Regulation of Cell Proliferation Using Tissue Engineering in MIN6 Cells

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Abstract:

Pancreatic islet transplantation for patients with diabetes mellitus has been hindered by the problem of donor shortage, as is the case for transplantation of other organs. Among several measures to overcome this problem, cell transplantation using xenogenic cell lines has been considered. For the treatment of diabetic patients, a murine pancreatic β-cell line MIN6 is a potential source of cell transplant. In order to restrict otherwise unlimited proliferation of transplanted MIN6 cells, cells are rendered to form spheroidal aggregates (SMIN6) on nonadherent culture dishes. SMIN6 stopped its growth around day 7 with a diameter of 220 ┬▒ 40 μm and kept its size almost constant at least until day 28. SMIN6 cells, however, had reduced responsiveness of insulin secretion to glucose concentration compared with MIN6 cells cultured in a monolayer. On the other hand, spheroid MIN6 cells formed in the presence of extracellular matrix gel (SMIN6E) possessed the capacity for glucose-dependent insulin secretion comparable with conventional MIN6 cells. SMIN6E encapsulated in agarose beads (SMIN6E-B) was also viable for at least 1 month in vitro with a constant diameter and favorable glucose responsiveness. The development of spheroid-type MIN6 may contribute to the future clinical application of MIN6 or other β-cell lines for treatment of diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: Key words: MIN6; Spheroid formati; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000001783986477

Affiliations: 1: †Department of Surgery & Surgical Basic Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2: ‡Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Otsu Laboratory for Skin Care Science 3: *Department of Organ Reconstruction, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 4: ┬žDepartment of Nutrition and Physiological Chemistry, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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