A role of macrophage-mediated inflammatory events in early islet graft loss is increasingly acknowledged. Osteopetrotic mice (op/op) have a complete absence of CSF-1, and thus of most tissue macrophages. We have investigated whether the absence of CSF-1-dependent macrophages in the graft itself or at the transplant site could decrease the delay to function of a syngeneic marginal islet mass. Islets transplanted into op/op or control recipients reversed diabetes in 59 days vs. 10 days (p = 0.28, NS). Islets isolated from op/op or control mice reversed diabetes in 11 days vs. 10 days. IL-1 and TNF-α release by cultured islets was markedly decreased for op/op islets compared with control islets (IL-1: 0 vs. 4.2 pg/ml, p = 0.07; TNF-α: 67 vs. 311 pg/ml, p = 0.002). In contrast, IL-6 release by op/op islets was significantly increased (11.1 vs. 4.3 ng/ml, p = 0.006). CSF-1-dependent tissue macrophages may not be critical in the inflammatory insult to islet transplants. Alternate patterns of intraislet release of deleterious proinflammatory cytokines may exist.
Diabetes Research Institute, University of Miami Medical School, Miami, FL 33136
Publication date: January 1, 2001
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Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.