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Survival of Macroencapsulated Allogeneic Parathyroid Tissue One Year After Transplantation in Nonimmunosuppressed Humans

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The use of immunoisolation devices may allow transplantation without need for immunosuppression and could widen the indications for cell transplantation. In this study, we evaluated the survival of encapsulated parathyroid tissue in nonimmunosuppressed humans. Autologous parathyroid implants: Seven patients undergoing parathyroidectomy had devices containing small pieces of their own parathyroid tissue implanted SC. These devices were explanted after 2–4 weeks for histological evaluation. Allogeneic parathyroid implants: Four patients with chronic hypoparathyroidism were transplanted with one to three large (40 ml) and one small (4.5 ml) device filled with meshed parathyroid tissue and implanted SC. The small devices were explanted at 4 weeks, while the large ones were explanted 8.5 to 14 months after implantation. In both studies, control implants were placed in nude mice. Autologous study results: At explantation, the grafts consisted of 22 +/- 6% endocrine tissue and 63 +/- 7% fibrosis, while 15 +/- 5% of the grafts were necrotic. Allogeneic study results: In devices explanted from the patients at 4 weeks, fibrosis dominated and only 1%, 5%, and 23% of the grafts consisted of endocrine tissue. A similar histological appearance was found in grafts from nude mice. In devices explanted at 8.5–14 months, histologically intact endocrine tissue was found in all patients. However, nearly all the tissue consisted of fibrosis. There was no detectable increase in the parathormone (PTH) level in all patients. Macroencapsulated human allogeneic parathyroid tissue can survive up to 1 year after transplantation into nonimmunosuppressed patients. However, marked fibroblast overgrowth occurred, especially in the allogeneic implant study, using meshed parathyroid tissue. This was probably not related to the allo-response, because similar findings were observed in the nude mouse implants. In future studies, better tissue preparation and improvements in the physiological milieu inside the device may help to reduce fibroblast overgrowth and increase survival of the parathyroid cells.
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Keywords: Key words: Parathyroid transplantation; Macroencap

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: *Department of Transplantation Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden 2: §Department of Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden 3: ‡Department of Clinical Chemistry, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden 4: ¶Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Round Lake, IL 5: †Department of Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Publication date: 2001-01-01

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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