Influence of Donor Age on Mouse Islet Characteristics and Transplantation
Old donor age has been considered as a risk factor and relative contraindication for transplantation. This study was designed to investigate the influence of donor age on islet characteristics and transplantation. Islets isolated from 8 (I-A)-, 32 (I-B)-, or 64 (I-C)-week-old C57BL/6 mice were studied for number, size, insulin content, and secretion. After syngeneically transplanting 300 islets under the kidney capsule of streptozotocin-diabetic mice (R-A, R-B, and R-C, respectively), we measured recipients' metabolic parameters as well as the β-cell mass and insulin content of the graft. Eight-week-old donors had better glucose tolerance than 32- and 64-week-old donors. However, 64-week-old donors had more pancreatic insulin content than 8- and 32-week-old donors. I-B and I-C were greater in number, larger in size, and higher in insulin content than I-A. But perifusion study showed I-C secreted less insulin, albeit with a similar stimulation index compared with that of I-A and I-B. After transplantation, the fall of blood glucose in R-C was faster than that in R-A and R-B. At 12 weeks, the recipients' blood glucose, body weight, HbA1c, and the β-cell mass and insulin content of the graft were comparable in all groups. However, R-C had better glucose tolerance than R-A. During follow-up, R-A and R-B maintained lifelong normoglycemia and their glucose tolerance did not deteriorate. These data indicate that islets isolated from donors with different ages have different characteristics and effects on transplantation. The islets isolated from aged donors are functioning well and can be a potential source for transplantation; however, because we transplanted a large islet mass from the aged donors, the role of the islet dose needs to be further clarified.
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Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.